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Description: Reading trout streams, Bass fishing the spawn, Bank fishing, hottest firearms, gun legislation, gear, music, recipes and much more

BANK FISHING TIPS ALABAMA DUCK STAMP WINNER ARTIFICIAL HONEY HOLES DOG SAVES TRAPPER READING STREAMS BASS FISHING THE SPAWN JOHNNY CASH OUT AMONG THE STARS WIN GEAR GEORGIA GUN REFORM OHIO GUN SUPPRESSOR LAW RADIO FOR THE GREAT OUTDOORS PLUS RECIPES GEAR THE OUTPOST MUSIC & MORE http youtu.be 5MveCGisXgg TABLE OF CONTENTS 11 ALABAMA SNAPPER 20 BANK FISHING 25 BASS FISHING THE SPAWN 34 READING A GOOD BROOK 17 ALABAMA WATERFOWL STAMP gEORgIA gUN REFORM CATFISH RECIPES THE REAL WOLF FARM SALMON STORINg HUNTINg gEAR 18 BUILD YOUR OWN HONEY HOLE 30 TOP BASS WATERS TO FISH 42 HOTTEST FIREARMS gEORgIA gUN REFORM gEAR OUTPOST HUMOR OHIO gUN SUPPRESSORS DEER DETECT DIABETES RESCUE DOg 48 48 50 58 68 72 54 66 70 74 76 THE OUTPOST MUSIC 87 HAVE YOU MISSED ANY ISSUES OF THE OUTPOST MAGAZINE THEY ARE ALL RIGHT HERE COME ON IN Editor s Letter That being noted this proverb also suggests it s our responsibility to teach someone about fishing. From a literal perspective this can mean showing a kid the correct techniques (which someone showed you) for harvesting fish and game. Often these lessons learned in the outdoors will transfer to the rest of their lives and they will become better farmers salesmen singers and yes teachers. Then the lessons transcend fishing and move on to LIFE. While you re out on the water casting for that big fish and thinking about the big picture think about this. If you teach one person whether it s a kid co-worker or homeless person on the corner how to be self-reliant that s one less person who ll need our help later on. Teaching lessons for self-reliance is a lot more efficient. This edition of the Outpost is packed with ways to teach a man or woman to fish. We have tips on reading streams bass and crappie strategies and a whole creel full of other topics. We also have the controversial facts and unmitigated fiction about the wolves in the Northwest U.S. the hottest selling firearms how to store your hunting gear in the offseason and lots more. We appreciate hearing from you and we answer every email. Send us your thoughts topics you want covered or even a Chinese proverb. My email is art theoutpostmagazine.com Later Art Young Editor - The Outpost Welcome to the official (or as official as we get around here) Outpost Fishing Issue Whether you enjoy freshwater angling for bass crappie trout or steelhead or saltwater fishing for red snapper speckled trout marlin or flounder the early spring is your prime time and we re here to get your pulse pounding. There s something about the spring and fishing that suggests potential to me. You ve probably heard the Chinese proverb that holds Give a man a fish and you feed him for a day. Teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime. No doubt the ancient Chinese philosophers such as Confucius had a knack for coming up with timeless expressions which can be taken literally or metaphorically. The big thinker responsible for this fishing proverb is unknown but he clearly had more on his mind than whether or not we should be using spinner bait for largemouth bass This proverb is extolling us to help others become self-reliant teach them to fish because mommy daddy big brother government teachers and preachers won t always be there when we re lost in the woods and hungry. It s only us. We re responsible for feeding our families and our spirits. We have to spend less than we make or we ll go broke. We have to burn more calories than we consume or we ll have a hear attack. We re responsible not Big Daddy. FIELD NOTES FROM OUTPOST READERS Wow Art Great article and gorgeous pictures Thank you so much for the fine coverage Art Thank you so much I appreciate both the inclusion of the turkey lounger in your publication and the link Best Tammy Sapp Bass Pro Shops Charles Louisiana Terrific work on this Wow I m simply amazed. I love the layout and colors. Germain Frisco TX Hey guys Very cool.. thanks for sending Chelle Johnson City TN I am amazed at the brightness of the magazine and the interesting items in it. Many thanks THE OUTPOST Jim Gorilla Marketing LLC 770-675-7200 Jason Martin Partner Art Young Editor in Chief Contributing Writers Art Young Jason Martin Photo Credits Jason Martin Kirk Driskell Flickr Commons Florida Bow Fishing Tony Eckler Mike Dunn (COVER) Justin Carr Burnt Pine Plantation Art Young Sandy Earle Michael Moscardellie Frankie Lannom Sam Klement Jake Guynes Eddie LeRoy Cody Hicks Damon Aluisy Kevin Preast Bill Odom Jeff Brockette Brooke Thomas David McClister THE OUTPOST is produced and copyrighted 2014 by Gorilla Marketing LLC Marietta GA 30062. Reproduction in whole or part without permission is expressly forbidden. THE OUTPOST ALABAMA SNAPPER Alabama Wants More Accurate Red Snapper Catch Information Do you think it s possible for the US Fish and Wildlife to accurately keep track of red snapper as they are charged Chris Blankenship Director of the Alabama Marine Resources Division doesn t. This is why he has asked the Alabama Conservation Advisory Board to approve a regulation that would establish a system for anglers who catch red snapper off Alabama to report their catches to Marine Resources. The reporting of red snapper regulation would require people to report how many red snapper they kept after each trip during snapper season Blankenship said. We want to make it as easy on the fishermen as possible to report their catches. We will have a Smartphone app similar to Game Check that will require a little less information and easier-toinput information. If you don t have a Smartphone where you can use your app you can use your touch-tone phone. You ll need your boat registration number how many people you had onboard and how many red snapper you caught and kept. ALABAMA WILL USE BOAT RAMPS Because of Alabama s limited shoreline Marine Resources will be able to use boat ramps as intercept sites for the survey as well. In the event somebody doesn t have a phone to use or the battery goes dead or whatever we ll have drop-boxes at Boggy Point Cotton Bayou Fort Morgan and Billy Goat Hole on Dauphin Island Blankenship said. We ll have paper forms with a carbon copy for people to fill out their information and put it in the drop-boxes. They ll tear off the carbon and keep it. Blankenship said Marine Resources is testing the system right now to make sure the bugs are worked out if the Conservation Advisory Board approves the request. We hope to have this regulation approved by the Conservation Advisory Board at its next meeting and have it up and running by June 1 the opening day of snapper season he said. RECREATIONAL ANGLERS ARE READY FOR SOMETHING NEW Blankenship said the fishing public is frustrated with the short red snapper season when all indications are that the red snapper stocks are in much better shape than indicated by NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) Fisheries scientific models. CAN YOU SWING A SHOTGUN OR CAST A LINE LIKE YOU USED TO PROBABLY NOT Maybe your shoulders and arms are sore. You might need some upper-body rehab. Before your next adventure try this. The all new Stand Up Grinder by Hudson is perfect for the hunter or fisherman whose shoulders and arms have been worn down by repetitive motion. Why go the gym when you can build upper body strength while you re watching the game on TV. Don t let soreness or the onset of arthritis affect your hunting and fishing fun. To shoot better and cast farther order the Hudson Fitness UBE now. Call (888.239.4559) say you heard about Stand Up Grinder in The Outpost and get 600.00 off. You can also click here www.hudsonfitness.com I think most everybody will agree that the red snapper management at the federal level is not working he said. We have a lot of fish out there and the season has become increasingly shorter. I think there are two things we need to do to wrestle this away from the federal government or at least to get the management correct. First is to do our own stock assessment. We re working on that internally with the University of South Alabama and Auburn University to do a stock assessment on some of the reef areas off Alabama. The other piece of information that is needed is an accurate count on how many red snapper are being landed in Alabama. Officials in the state have said the federal estimates of the number of red snapper caught off Alabama have varied wildly throughout the years which leads Alabama officials to question the validity of the surveys. The percentage of red snapper caught by recreational anglers which includes charter boats off Alabama has ranged from as low as 14 percent to as high as 45 percent in the federal survey. Blankenship noted that the percentage of snapper caught off Alabama that is most likely accurate is between 30 and 33 percent. Over the past 10 years using the federal data collection system our landings in Alabama have fluctuated between 400 000 pounds and 4 million pounds a year he said. That s just not possible. We think the correct number is somewhere in the middle. We keep telling the federal folks that they are not capturing the catch correctly that some years it s undervaluing Alabama and some years it s overvaluing Alabama and other states. So it s important to have the reporting of red snapper so we can get the true number. We ll run that number concurrently with the federal system. We ll do both. That way we ll have a way to compare. He continued The federal system on its face is not a bad system for a year-long fishery. But when you have a short season (41 days) like red snapper it s not adequate. You only have a certain number of assignments at certain marinas or ramps on certain days during the season. If those days are badweather days it s going to make your catch look paltry. If the survey days happen to be the goodweather days it s going to inflate the overall catch. Blankenship also said NOAA Fisheries changed the times when the anglers were surveyed in 2013 adding more afternoon assignments. With the change in the system it s really difficult to calibrate what happened in 2013 to previous years he said. But Alabama is uniquely situated with our small coastline that we think we can have a census of the red snapper that are landed here. We have the ability that Louisiana Texas and Florida don t have. THERE ARE LOTS OF DOLLARS AT STAKE ON THIS ISSUE. Blankenship said saltwater fishing in Alabama has a 727 million economic impact in the state. Currently the commercial sector gets 51 percent and the recreational sector gets 49 percent. The alternative proposal would leave that percentage in place up to 9.12 million pounds of the quota (total allowable catch). Any fish above the 9.12 million pounds in the quota would be split with 75 percent allotted to the recreational sector. The quota for 2014 is 11 million pounds. Alabama has objected to a provision the Gulf Council passed at its February meeting that would allow federally permitted charter boats to fish in state waters during an open season when federal waters are closed to red snapper fishing. This has the potential to shorten the snapper season for everybody. Previously federally permitted charters couldn t fish in state waters if federal waters are closed Blankenship said. That restriction was removed at the February meeting by a 9-8 vote. By rescinding (regulation) 30-B boats in Florida Texas and Louisiana states that have seasons outside of the federal framework will be able to fish for red snapper in state waters which counts against the quota which has the potential to shorten the federal season off the coast of Alabama. Not only did we disagree with that he said. We felt the data used for that did not meet the requirements of the Magnuson-Stevens Act so we re hoping that will be overturned by the Secretary of Commerce. As with other Gulf coast states Alabama hopes the 3-mile limit for state waters will be extended to 9 miles for fisheries management. Alabama House Bill 403 would do just that. That bill has passed the House and passed the Senate Committee he said. We hope it will pass the Senate soon. It will still take some federal concurrence to recognize that. But we have good support from Sen. (Richard) Shelby Sen. (Jeff) Sessions and Congressman Bradley Byrne on that. We ve got some red snapper between 3 and 9 miles but if we get our boundary out to 9 miles we would increase our reef-building efforts in that area. That will give us options and tools for the future. LIFE IN THE GREAT OUTDOORS WWW.THEOUTPOSTLIFE.COM AlAbAmA WAterfoWl StAmp Art ConteSt Winner AnnounCed Eddie LeRoy of Eufaula Alabama has won this year s Alabama Waterfowl Stamp Art Contest with his painting of three mallards in flight. LeRoy has been here before. He is a previous two-time contest winner was first runner-up in the 2013-14 contest. The winning artwork will be used as the design of the 2015-16 Alabama Waterfowl Stamp which is required when hunting waterfowl in Alabama. First runner-up in this year s contest was David Nix from Cottondale with his painting of a black duck. Beverly Smith of Vinemont and Bill Stem of Madison tied for second and third runner-up with paintings of buffleheads and a Northern shoveler respectively. James Brantley of Opelika was forth runner-up with a painting of a mallard pair in flight. HE NEvER STOPS PAINTING LeRoy missed the judging because he was at home working on a new painting. I was a little surprised that I d won he said. It was the first painting I d made with a storm in it and thought they d either hate it or that it might win. I m very excited about this win. Entries were judged on suitability for reproduction as a stamp originality artistic composition anatomical accuracy and general rendering. The designs were limited to living species of North American migratory ducks or geese. Winning species from the past three years ringneck Ross s goose and pintail duck were not eligible subjects for the contest this year. The annual contest is sponsored by the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources (ADCNR) Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries Division (WFF) and is open to resident Alabama artists only. Potential artists should visit www.outdooralabama.com programs waterfowl for complete information on the contest. 17 THE OUTPOST BUiLd YOUR OwN HONEY HOLE Fish Not Biting MAybE yOU NEED TO bUILD yOUR OWN HONEy HOLE THE HOW AND WHy OF bUILDING UNDERWATER STRUCTURES It s been noted in another article in this issue of the Outpost that fish like children need a little structure in their lives. In the case of fish this structure comes in the form of old tree stumps tires and any other detritus that finds its way to the bottom of the lake or stream. This junk is a magnet for game fish and we ll explain why later in this article. So if fish love to hang around these structures why not use this natural inclination to catch a few of them This is exactly what some anglers are doing. They re building artificial structures and in the process creating their own private honey holes. WHAT TyPES OF STRUCTURES WORk bEST This idea of creating fish-friendly environments has been around for a long time especially among bass and crappie anglers. There are entire fishing clubs who collect discarded Christmas trees bind them to cement blocks using baling wire and sink them by and threes and fours in locations they want to fish later in the season. While this is ingenious there may be some legal ramifications and anglers should always check local regulations. In the northern climes where lakes and even slowmoving streams freeze over in the winter proactive angles drag the trees or other fish attractants over the ice mark the location with a GPS device and come back when the ice is melted to see if the fish have found the spot. In warmer areas the trees or other artificial structures are placed on the deck or towed to the locations where they are released to sink to the bottom and start attracting fish. Another strategy involves using wooden stakes to build these fish hang-outs. The stakes are driven in to the bottom of the lake or stream using some form of extension such as steel pipes. When the GPS coordinates are taken the fishermen can return after the structure has had time to develop a following among the area fish. WHy THIS WORkS Game fish are predators and as such they will always look for places which (1) have smaller fish such as minnows swimming around and (2) give them cover so that they can get within striking distance of these smaller fish by hiding and waiting. These artificial structures supply both. The wood of the submerged trees and stakes catches algae which then attracts plankton. In a short amount of time the entire food chain follows. Crappie bass and other game fish hang around to consume the minnows that gather to eat the plankton and the word gets around fast among the other fish In a very short time a honey hole is created and for the anglers who built it and know where to find it it can result in some very productive fishing. These artificial attractors can be made of a wide range of materials not just wooded stakes pallets or trees. Plastic PVC pipes are particularly popular and wellknown outdoor commentator Bill Dance (pictured here on the left) has his own model the Porcupine Fish Attractor which is sold in most big-box and many smaller independent sporting goods and fishing specialty stores. Dance s Porcupine looks like well a giant PVC porcupine and when secured underwater is rumored to be very effective in attracting the big ones who want to eat the little ones. WHERE S THE bEST PLACE TO PUT THEM Where is the best place to build your own honey hole First it is best stay away from areas where there are already lots of natural structures in the water. These areas won t benefit much from an artificial attraction. Experts in building these attractors suggest that the best locations for setting them up are along deep rock bluffs at the junction of two bodies of water along the edge of a creek channel at the deep end of a long point and the slope of a hump and in the middle of a channel. Avoid placing these structures in too-shallow water because they will impede navigation by boaters. Also avoid placing them in too-deep water because if they are at the thermocline depth there will not be enough oxygen to support the food chain. It is important to remember that it is illegal to place the structures in some public waterways. It is therefore advisable to check with local water regulatory agencies such the local river authority local fish and game agencies or the Army Corps of Engineers. It s also important to keep the location of your new honey hole a secret from the other anglers who might be fishing the area. Don t set up markers or other obvious locators where you have placed the structure unless you want every other fisherman reaping the benefit of your hard work. Best bet is to mark the area with your smartphone s GPS and keep those coordinates locked in a safe place 19 Take These Fishing Tips To The Bank 18 THE OUTPOST BANK FiSHiNG Most fishermen don t have a boat but they still want to catch fish. This means that most fishing is done from the bank. With a little planning this can be just as much fun as fishing from one of those double-wide boats. Since the techniques for bank fishing are different from those where a boat is used here are some tips that you can take to the bank. The ideal time to fish from the bank is in the spring or early summer. This is because with winter recently over many fish are still hanging out in the shallow water. In the heat of summer they tend to migrate to the deeper cooler depths. However any time of year an angler is likely to find fish if he knows where to look. FISH NEED A LITTLE STRUCTURE IN THEIR LIvES If fishing for game fish such as bass or crappie it s important for the angler to work around structures such as submerged stumps or bushes and weeds. Most fishermen avoid these areas because of the potential for losing lures and tackle if they get entangled in the undergrowth. Unfortunately these areas are where the fish live and its better to risk a hook or two than to try and fish in non-productive places. There s a lesson about fishing from Willie Sutton when asked why he robbed banks It s where the money is. A great place to find fish is under bridges. This is due to the very logical reason that a bridge spans a river or creek and the deep water near the pilings supply shade and rock used for their foundation slows the erosion of the area making it an ideal spot for most fish species. Piers are also excellent structures to find fish in spite of the fact that there is usually a lot of other fisherman with the same idea. The type of bank will also affect where fish might be lurking. The best type of bank is one with a relatively steep drop-off. If this can be found more fish will likely be in casting range. CHOOSING THE RIGHT LURES AND STRATEGy FOR A STRIkE Choosing a lure that is relatively snag-free is the best strategy for fishing from the bank. If the angler is after bass the best type of lure is a plastic worm or other soft plastic lures that are rigged with the hooked point buried in the body. Spinnerbaits and topwater lures are also great to avoid entanglement in undergrowth and for catching fish. If fishing for catfish crappie or bluefish it s advisable to use live or natural bait with a slip bobber to float the bait and a depth that the fish seem to be biting. This bobber will also help the fisherman know when the fish are getting interested in making a strike. Most anglers who are bank fishing give up on a spot too soon. Fishing guides suggest making many casts in an area that might have fish. With this repeated casting the game fish might get annoyed enough to strike the lure that has continued to invade his space. The best times for bank fishing are early in the morning and late in the evening because at this time of day the light is not so bright and the fish are less likely to spook. It s also a good idea to fish from a bank that has the wind blowing into it. Even though it s tough to cast into a breeze when the wind is blowing it forces bait fish toward the bank and game fish such as bass are sure to follow. kEEP A RECORD OF THE HONEy HOLES It s amazing how few fishermen keep track of active spots. Fishing websites suggest keeping a logbook listing the locations and types of fish that were caught in given areas. It may not be obvious but there are always reasons why some areas have more fish than others and with a reference book it makes it easier to remember where they were biting last time. THE OUTPOST BASS FiSHiNG CATCHING BASS DURING THE SPAWN For bass fishermen spring is full of possibility. When the weather turns warmer bass begin getting their nursery ready for the small fry by moving from the deep water to the shallow and building spawning bed. This is the time when these majestic game fish are actually visible to the angler and with any luck the adrenaline rush of actually hooking one of these big lunkers is close at hand. Once the spawn begins the male bass is in charge of guarding the eggs and anything that enters the area of the bed including a well-placed lure is attacked. This protective aggression can make for some epic battles between the fisherman and the prey. THE TEMPERATURE OF THE WATER IS KEY Whether bass are swimming around in shallow water or still hiding out in the deep end depends on several factors the most important being the temperature of the water. Spring weather can be tricky and Mother Nature s indecision about whether it s going to be warm or cold can confuse the otherwise clever bass. It can also make for a slow day for the fisherman. Fishing guides note that if the daily temperature in the fishing area hasn t quite gotten up to the mid 60 s or hasn t stayed that way for at least a week the bass will probably be fattening-up down in the deep water. They will be eating as much as they can before they have to go for long periods of time without food while spawning and guarding their beds. This can be a good thing because means that most lures will work at this time. If however the area temperature is 65 degrees or higher it s spawning time and the angler should be to be scouting the lake or pond for bass beds. Fishing experts suggest that the best areas to check are the cleared out areas on the bottom in shallow water. During this spring season spawn most bass make their nests in less than 5 feet of water and close to the bank. If what looks like a bed appears to be empty this could mean that the bass have been spooked (most likely by that guy with a fishing rod in his hand ). When this happens guides suggest that the angler retrieve the line back up a few feet and wait a minute or two. If Mr. Largemouth doesn t return promptly it s time to move to another area. THE OUTPOST BASS FiSHiNG Fishing guides note that the warmth of the water is also important and the spawn is likely to kick in first where the water warms up earliest. In general that s going to be on northeast shorelines where the afternoon sun strikes most often. Canals and slow-flowing creeks or spring outlets might also be considerably warmer than open lake waters. And zones with lots of dark vegetation near the surface--hydrilla and milfoil--will soak up the heat better than those with white sand bottom. Ancient fishermen spent a lot of time watching and even worshipping the moon. There s a very good reason for this. The moon phase is another factor in fish spawning with other conditions right the spawn will be strongest during the three or four days around the new and full moons each month of spring. If an angler can be on the water rod in hand during those times he can maximize his chances of finding active bass. WHAT S THE BEST GEAR TO USE Most guides recommend a 6-foot 6-inch rod for medium casting or spinning reels line that is no more than 12-pound test and they advise to stay away from the popular braided line. They further recommend extra sharp bass hooks brands are Gamakatsu Owner Daiichi and VMC in a 1 0 or 2 0 size. These will be more expensive than standard hook but an angler will want them because bass that are bedding won t hang on to your lure for very long. If the weather is still somewhat cool but approaching warm and the fish are in deeper water it s a good idea to use a faster retrieve than one uses did during winter. As with any outdoor sport there is a healthy debate about the best lures for snagging a big bass in the spawning season. Some fishing guides suggest that good lures include rattletraps jigs spinnerbaits and crankbaits. Others feel equally passionate about soft plastic lures such as a Junebug colored Culprit lizard with a 2 0 hook. The best bait for fishing bedding bass is nearly always the Texas rigged plastic worm throw it into the bed let it set twitch it a bit and let it set again. W W W . T H E O U T P O S T l I f E . C O M 25 OTHER TIPS FOR BASS SPAWN FISHING There are five more tips that will help an angler haul in an early season bass. 1. Wear quality polarized glasses with side shields and a long-billed hat to shade the lenses. This will greatly improve vision through the water s surface. 2. When possible always ease along a shoreline with the sun at the angler s back. 3. Choose protected areas where wind riffle is minimal for scouting. 4. Choose a casting position that is as high as possible in order to have better vision of the swimming fish. Visibility is best between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. when the sun is at its highest. 5. Be aware that spawning beds are not always obvious. Sometimes they show up only as slightly lighter shades of green or brown. Quality spawning beds tend to have firm bottom of sand or clay not mud with vegetation cover nearby. IS IT ETHICAL TO FISH BASS THAT ARE SPAWNING Even with the overwhelming number of fishermen catching-and-releasing bass there is still a nagging guilt that comes from taking any fish that is preparing to reproduce. This begs the question Does catching spawners harm bass populations Biologists say that it does not. Bass that are caught handled gently and released in the same location nearly always go on to complete the spawning cycle. Mike Allen a fisheries professor with the University of Florida s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences researched this topic and published his findings in the Transactions of the American Fisheries Society Journal. We found that in most cases spawning area closures won t improve bass populations for a couple of reasons he said. One is there s a lot of catch and release nowadays. The other is if you lose some nests the ones that are left have higher survival rates. Allen and his colleagues published a study showing that the percentage of largemouth bass harvested by anglers had fallen by half since the 1980s. Fishing for bass during the early spring spawn is easily one of the most exciting experiences in the great outdoors. With a little planning the right gear and some old fashion recon to find the beds anglers can drop a lure in the middle of a swirling cauldron the most powerful freshwater game fish on the planet. And when the hook is set the real fun begins. 28 ARE YOU fISHING IN THE RIGHT PlACE FISHHOUND RELEASES THE TOP 100 bASS WATERS IN NORTH AMERICA Have you ever sat fishing for hours and hours and not gotten any nibbles much less a strike While it s certainly true that even a bad day fishing is better than a good one at the office it s sure a lot more fun when they re biting. The folks at Fishhound.com feel your pain and they ve done something about it. They ve put together a list of the Top Bass Waters in North America. HOW POPULAR IS bASS FISHING According to Fishhound.com fishing is the fourth most popular participatory sport in the United States. More Americans fish than play golf and tennis combined. It will surprise nobody that the most popular species of freshwater fish is black bass (largemouth and smallmouth) According to the American Sportfishing Association one out of every three anglers in the U.S. fishes for largemouth bass making it the most sought-after game fish in the country. It s not difficult to understand why anglers love fishing for bass said 2011 Forrest Wood Cup Champion Scott Martin. They re great fighters they can be caught on a variety of baits and lures and they inhabit a huge number of lakes and rivers across the nation. The challenge of figuring out how to catch one of the smartest fish that swims is what makes bass fishing so popular. WHERE ARE THE bIG LUNkERS Some bodies of water are known to produce more and bigger fish than others and Fishhound.com conferred recently with expert bass anglers tournament organizations veteran outdoor writers and other top fishing authorities to create a comprehensive list of the 100 top bass waters. The theory is simple By focusing on these honey holes and one has a good chance of landing some quality bass perhaps a trophysized fish. Below are the top 10 bass waters on Fishhound s list of 100. 1. LAkE GUNTERSvILLE (ALAbAMA) Not many waters offer a fat chance at both monster bass and 100-fish days but this 69 100-acre bass factory has yielded many of both The Crown Jewel of a series of fabled Tennessee River impoundments and the site of the 2014 Bassmaster Classic Lake Guntersville is as breathtaking as it is productive with haunting hills at sunrise leaving as lasting an impression as the blowups of monster bass through the matted vegetation. 2. LAkE OkEECHObEE (FLORIDA) Located at the headwaters of the Florida Everglades Okeechobee has long been one of the world s great fisheries and is argued by many as the best bass lake in the country. Lake Okeechobee is known for its abundance of 7-10 pound bass and very high catch rate. Many travel to the Big O for a once-in-a-lifetime bass opportunity. Learn more about Lake Okeechobee at Fishhound website. 3. CLEAR LAkE (CALIFORNIA) Near the top of most best bass waters lists this 44 000-acre natural lake has a compelling history too. Scientists estimate its age at roughly 2.5 million years with tectonic plate activity credited for the geothermal springs and constant renewal with fresh water that contribute to the lake s incredible fish-per-acre output. Learn more about 4. FALCON LAkE (TExAS) Credit Texas Parks and Wildlife for maintaining many of the world s best bass fisheries but this Rio Grande River Tex-Mex border lake rises above them all. Falcon is one of the greatest lakes in the U.S. says Texas bass pro Zell Rowland. I don t know any other lake that compares to it. 5. LAkE ERIE UPPER NIAGARA RIvER (NEW yORk ONTARIO) If a six- or seven-pound smallmouth is on your bucket list this is the place The Buffalo-Niagara area offers arguably the best trophy smallmouth prospects of any fishery in the world. Three- and four-pound bronzebacks are typical five-pounders hardly raise an eyebrow. HAVE YOU MISSED ANY ISSUES OF They re all waiting for you at our website WWW.THEOUTPOSTLIFE.COM GO AHEAD. CAST A LINE AND REEL THEM IN 6. CHOkE CANyON (TExAS) The ranking of this body of water may surprise many but it comes as no surprise to those that have had the opportunity to fish it. Fishing pressure is light but the forage base of shad bluegill and crayfish is abundant on this 25 670-acre water supply reservoir between San Antonio and Corpus Christi. That s why bass grow fast and bass grow big. Learn more about Choke Canyon Reservoir at the Fishhound website. 7. SACRAMENTO-SAN JOAqUIN DELTA (CALIFORNIA) Fishing this fish- and wildlife-rich delta of the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers makes for a rich sensory experience. Where else will you catch a bass and see a sea lion pop up next to you and then a beaver a few minutes later asks Randy Pringle who guides on the 15 000-plus acres of this fertile tidal fishery which flows past Martinez into San Francisco Bay. 8. LAkE AMISTAD (TExAS) Catch em high catch em low. Clear water and diverse habitat make this Rio Grande River reservoir a multi-tiered bass fishery that has factored into some of the highest weigh-in totals in Bassmaster competition. As a Bassmaster Elite Series Rookie Derek Rimitz posted a four-day total of 111 pounds 7 ounces at Amistad in 2007 9. ONEIDA LAkE (NEW yORk) Located just east of Lake Ontario and New York s Finger Lakes region Oneida Lake has a character all its own - along with some of the best bass fishing in the Northeast. The lake boasts excellent populations of both largemouth and smallmouth bass as well as abundant pinfish northern pike walleye and tiger musky. 10. LAkE ST. CLAIR (MICHIGAN ONTARIO) If sportfishing opportunity were the measure of a city s prosperity there d be no reason to dwell on Detroit s auto industry woes. Lake St. Clair and the connecting waters of the St. Clair River to the north and Detroit River to the south comprise an incredible smallmouth bass fishery - and the musky fishing is almost as good. Fishhound s Vice President Operations Rick Patri points out that every body of water on the list is a true standout among bass fishing destinations. They represent the very best locales this country has to offer when it comes to bass fishing noted Patri. Wet a line on any one of these waters and you re likely to encounter some of the finest angling action you ve ever experienced. To view the entire list go to www.fishhound.com HAVE YOU MISSED ANY ISSUES OF THE OUTPOST MAGAZINE THEY ARE ALL RIGHT HERE COME ON IN Learning to read a good Brook Fishermen will do almost anything to gain an advantage over their prey. Billions of dollars a year are spent on high tech equipment to find and catch fish but we all know that guy who consistently catches fish with nothing but a well-worn rod reel and lures and a few flies. What gives here Actually this successful angler probably has something else that most other fishermen don t have knowledge of where fish are likely to be hiding. Some of this comes from experience and some of it has to do with an angler of any age being able to read a stream. As outdoor writer Dave Hughes has noted in his excellent book Reading the Water most fish are in a small percentage of the water. Every species of fish has its own unique feeding and spawning tendencies and this determines where they are likely to be found at a given time of the day. However trout present some of the most interesting lessons in stream reading and this discussion will focus on them. BLIND CASTING REqUIRES A WELL-READ STREAM Some trout fisherman would not think of casting a line without seeing the fish first. This allows the angler a better than average chance of plunking the perfect fly in the general vicinity of the fish resulting in a classic tussle culminating in another one in the creel. This strategy is great if one happens upon stream or pool teeming with willing dance partners. However most of the time the trout are not that plentiful and most are doing a good job of hiding and waiting for that easy next meal. When the trout are not visible it s necessary to launch Plan B blind casting. Just as the phrase suggests this is casting a line where you think the fish might be. This judgment is greatly enhanced with some knowledge of how trout navigate the many environments of streams. In other words learning the basics of reading a stream can enable the angler to make better decisions on where the fish are and are not. FISH DON T NEED MUCH Smart observers such as Hughes and Tom Rosenbauer who wrote Reading Trout Streams and who serves as a consultant to Orvis have lIkE GREAT lITERATURE READING STEAMS IS A lIfElONG ENDEAvOR. EACH BOOk AND STREAM IS jUST A lITTlE DIffERENT AND THE jOY lIES IN RElISHING THIS fACT. succinctly noted the three requirements of every fish food shelter and oxygen. Sure every species of trout (and fish) has a little different tendency towards these three areas. However understanding these three factors will enable a better reading of the stream and more success in catching fish. It s been noted by more than one aquatic biologist and grizzled fishing guide that trout are basically lazy. Or at the very least they are creatures who like to minimize their energy expenditure and maximize their caloric intake. This means they won t travel much to chase after a weird looking fly. They position themselves to be in the perfect position to grab tiny insects as they float by. The larger trout such as Browns are much more aggressive in their pursuit of nourishment. They don t hide a wait as much as other trout. They like to feed at dawn dusk and night and are known to forage wide areas for larger prey smaller fish crayfish even a rodent that makes the mistake of falling into the stream and therefore can be caught easier at these times with simple streamers. They can be found in turbulent or calm water and an angler can have good success if these large trout are pursued during these three times of day. The rest of the day some serious stream reading will likely be necessary. WWW.THEOUTPOSTlIfE.COM 33 EVEN TROUT NEED OxYGEN Biologists note that for these fish to survive there must be 3 parts per million of oxygen dissolved in the water. As the water temperature goes up its capacity to hold oxygen is diminished. Trout are most active when the temperature is between 50 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit. This has to do with their metabolism and the movement of insects. Food is plentiful when the water is nice and moderately warm. However if the water temperature rises above 65F the trout become lethargic because of a lack of oxygen. When the water temp rises above 75F trout can suffocate. 36 SHELTER FROM THE STORM Nature has supplied trout and all fish with the instinct of survival and this means having a safe place to hide when predators come on the scene. Biologists have observed that when feeding trout will hang out near areas that they can dart to safety. Some of the areas include the undercut of the bank a deep pool or beneath submerged tree branches. These safe areas also keep the current of the stream from constantly buffeting the trout. Since food tends to ride the current the trout seeks to position itself around while remaining out of this current. The bottom of the stream has small and large rocks which serve to reduce the friction of the current making the very bottom almost turbulence free. These dead spots are favored by the trout as they wait for food morsels to pass by. Understanding the signs of these areas in the stream can pay big dividends for the trout fisherman. WHAT S FOR DINNER The need for nourishment is about as basic as it gets for trout and for any trout that is less than 1 foot in length that food is aquatic insects. These insects are found in areas of the stream with high oxygenation and areas where aquatic plants grow. A good read on the stream will enable the angler to locate the above-water signs for these areas of likely food sources. This explains several things. First there are not many if any trout in streams in the Southwest U.S. during the summer. Secondly when the temperature gets warmer the trout will congregate in areas of a stream where there is churning water because this action results in an increase in the oxygenation of the water. A savvy angler will look for these areas in the stream when the water temperature is warmer. Find the food oxygen and shelter and there s a good possibility that you ll find the fish. So where are some likely places that a sharp stream reader should look It s important to remember that reading a stream involves figuring out where the fish are most likely to be and where they are most likely NOT to be. There are clearly exceptions to every rule. It s possible to catch fish almost anywhere and on any given day the fish might not be hanging out in the areas where you would expect them. However most careful stream readers have thoughts about potential hiding spots and more often than not these are based on experience over many streams. SLOW GOING ON THE FLATS Every stream has an ever-changing current terrain and slope. The area of the river or stream that stretches through a flat terrain and has water flowing over it with the same flatness is called (appropriately enough) the flats. While it is possible to find fish here these are some of the most unproductive areas of the stream for a fisherman. Why The depth of the flats is shallow and bottom is composed of gravel rather than larger rocks. This part of the stream also moves slowly discouraging much insect life. This lack of food and protection is a major turn-off to the trout population and there s not much action in this part of the stream. IT S BETTER NEAR THE BANKS A little patience can pay big dividends when the angler works the bank areas especially if it happens to be an overhanging bank. The undercut area of a bank is an excellent hiding place for a trout and if there are trees and bushes growing in this area making for a little shade and cooler water temperatures all the better. Areas just in front and immediately behind the boulders on the bank are great holding areas for trout. There are often drop-offs in this area by the bank resulting in dead areas or at least slower water where trout can wait for food. Casting upstream and allowing the fly to travel with the current can be very effective. RIPPLES OF RIFFLES You may not have known what they are called but you ve seen riffles on a stream. They are shallow and fast and result in choppy water on the surface. They occur because the stream is flowing over medium-sized rocks and causing this mini-whitewater effect. Because of the rocks on the bottom and the high level of oxygen being generated from the churn these riffles are great places to find small and medium sized trout. A smart stream reader will look for the pockets of still water found in these riffles. This is where a larger stone is submerged and there is a change in the current. This is where the fish will likely be holding and a well-placed fly can find its way to the trout s mouth. There is also a productive fishing area on the edge of a riffle a seam where the water is moving slower. Trout will often hang out in this area as well. ANGLING THE RUN That area of the stream at the end of a riffle is called a run and it can be a honey hole when the right fly hits the right spot. This area can be shallow (1 - 2 feet) to moderately deep and has smaller boulders that offer excellent cover for lurking trout. The best fly placement tactics to place it in front of and behind the submerged rocks. There will also be dead spots and places of turbulence in these runs caused by submerged rocks and these are great places to find fish. If the run continues around a bend in the stream the current will be faster on the outside of the bend. Guides say that this area is not a good place to find fish. However on the inside of the bend where the current is slower is an excellent place to find fish. The bank area of this run is also a prime area to find trout that are hiding and waiting. ARE THE BIG TROUT IN THE POOLS Pools are formed by fast water and a steep slope. This is where the stream slows down dramatically and the stream widens and deepens. The most common opinion is that these pools hold a treasure trove of large trout. However not all guides believe this. One popular tactic for working the pools is to run a streamer through the water especially if it happens to be the times when the large trout are feeding (dawn dusk and night). Guides also suggest fishing the head of the pool and the banks near the pool. DON T FORGET THE POCKET WATER Another part of the stream to be aware of is called pocket water. This comes about when a group of large boulders and rocks are blocking a swift running stream and white caps of rushing water are evident. While it seems that this fast current would deter trout there are pockets of still water behind these boulders near the bottom of the stream and trout will often be found at the farthest point of this calm water from the bolder. As in all cases the most productive place in this pocket water is in the seams. Find them and you will likely find a fish waiting for a little snack. READING STREAMS A LIFELONG ENDEAVOR These insights about reading a stream are literally the tip of the submerged rock in the stream. There are many great books that have been written about this subject some of which we have mentioned here. As Rosenbauer noted in his classic book Reading a trout stream is more than looking at the currents on the surface. A canoeist reads currents learning to avoid rocks beneath the surface or predicting how a sharp bend in the river will influence the course of his or her craft. Yet an accomplished canoeist will only be a hair better than the average person in predicting where trout will be found in a stream. To read a stream you need an understanding of a trout s life history behavior and requirements for survival. Like great literature reading steams is a lifelong endeavor. Each book and stream is just a little different and the joy lies in relishing this fact. What s Hot in firearms Most hunters have strong opinions about the guns they use in the field. Sometimes this is based on research and experience and often it s a function of the brand of firearm a friend or family member recommends. The best way to determine what other hunters and gun enthusiasts think of a particular brand of firearm is to check what they re buying. Since the volume of sales is much higher on an online auction site than a typical retail store the sales figures from these sites offer greater data on which to draw conclusions. One of those sites is GunBroker.com. GunBroker.com has released its list of Top 5 bestselling firearms for February 2014. The Smith & Wesson 686 takes the lead as the best-selling revolver. Other top sellers include the Remington 700 bolt action rifle the Ruger 10 22 semi auto rifle and the Smith & Wesson M&P semi auto pistol. See the complete list below. Every month GunBroker.com publishes the Top 5 Best Sellers List for each major category of firearms sold on the popular gun auction site. The list includes both new and used firearms. Here s what the marketplace is saying about the topfive firearms in several categories. THE OUTPOST TOP GUNS SEMI AUTO PISTOLS 1. Smith & Wesson M&P 2. Sig Sauer 1911 3. Colt 1911 4. Sig Sauer P238 5. Sig Sauer P226 REVOLVERS 1. Smith & Wesson 686 2. Colt Python 3. Ruger Blackhawk 4. Ruger GP-100 5. Smith & Wesson 629 SINGLE SHOT PISTOLS 1. Thompson Center Contender 2. Thompson Center Encore 3. Remington XP-100 4. Colt Derringer 5. Comanche Super Comanche SEMI AUTO RIFLES 1. Ruger 10 22 2. Smith & Wesson M&P 3. Kel Tec Sub 2000 4. Ruger Mini-14 5. Springfield M1A LEVER ACTION RIFLES 1. Winchester 94 2. Marlin 336 3. Winchester 1894 4. Marlin 1895 5. Marlin 1894 BOLT ACTION RIFLES 1. Remington 700 2. Winchester 70 3. Thompson Center Venture 4. Ruger 77 5. Ruger American Rifle SINGLE SHOT RIFLES 1. Ruger No. 1 2. Winchester 1885 3. Thompson Center Encore 4. Browning 1885 5. Thompson Center Pro Hunter PUMP ACTION RIFLES 1. Remington 760 2. Remington 7600 3. Remington 572 4. Remington 12 5. Browning BPR SEMI AUTO SHOTGUNS 1. Remington 1100 2. Browning A-5 3. NATMIL BR-99 4. Remington 11-87 5. Mossberg 930 PUMP ACTION SHOTGUNS 1. Remington 870 2. Mossberg 500 3. Winchester 12 4. Kel Tec KSG 5. Browning BPS OVER UNDER SHOTGUNS 1. Browning Citori 2. Ruger Red Label 3. Winchester 101 4. Beretta 686 5. Mossberg Silver Reserve SIDE BY SIDE SHOTGUNS 1. LC Smith Field 2. Browning B-SS 3. Savage Stevens 4. Stoeger Coach Gun 5. Cimarron 1878 SINGLE SHOT SHOTGUNS 1. New England Firearms Pardner 2. Winchester 37 3. Browning BT-99 4. Iver Johnson Champion 5. Savage Stevens If you want to keep up with this market in the future save this URL and check it each month http www.gunbroker.com Content Top5 201402-GunBroker-Top-5-Guns.html GunBroker.com is the world s largest gun auction website. It launched in 1999 bills itself as an informative secure and safe way to buy and sell firearms ammunition and hunting shooting gear online. GunBroker.com promotes responsible ownership of guns and firearms. Aside from merchandise bearing its logo GunBroker.com sells none of the items listed on its website. Third-party sellers list items on the site and Federal and state laws govern the sale of firearms and other restricted items. Ownership policies and regulations are followed using licensed firearms dealers as transfer agents. THE OUTPOST GUN REFORM BIG CHANGES COMING fOR GUN REfORM IN GEORGIA Outdoor sportsmen competitive shooters and gun enthusiasts in the state of Georgia mustered enough votes to pass sweeping gun reform hours before the state s 2014 legislative session ended on March 20th. According to the Atlanta Journal-Constitution House Bill 60 received a final vote of 122-58 and was sent to the desk of Governor Nathan Deal for his expected approval. Supporters are calling the pro-gun bill one of the largest gun reform bills in recent state history. House Bill 60 would allow licensed gun owners to carry firearms into certain government buildings schools and parts of airports. This led opponents of the bill to dub it the guns everywhere bill. House Bill 60 originally also proposed removing the state s blanket restriction on firearm carry in bars but was later amended. Churches can opt in to allow members to carry firearms inside their property. The bill would also legalize the use of gun suppressors for hunting which has been a contentious issue in the state. The bill also contains language that would prevent the creation of a gun owners database or suspension of the Second Amendment in a state of emergency. School teachers would be able to bring firearms into work to protect themselves as well. As could be expected not everyone is happy to see the bill pass especially gun control advocates that see the legislation as a step backwards for the state. We absolutely oppose it said Brian Malte national policy director for the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Our feeling is that the answer to gun violence is not more guns. Some religious leaders and organizations also oppose the bill which they say is against the tradition of sanctuary offered by many churches across the state. Some pastors do support the bill but say that the decision of allowing firearms must be made by each individual congregation. It was reported that the bill would mandate assessing a 100 fine to any person who brings a firearm into a church without permission. Catfish It s What s for Dinner Whether it s farm-raised caught from the river or hand-grabbed by a Noodler catfish is one of the most healthy and tasty of all fish. It s also amazingly versatile. Here are some easy-to-make catfish recipes from The Outpost. Southern Fried Catfish Everybody needs a least one great recipe for southern fried catfish and this is it. Prep Time 20 min Cook Time 40 min Serves 8 For the tartar sauce 2 to 3 tablespoons olive oil 3 4 cup mayonnaise 2 scallions (white and tender green parts only) minced 2 teaspoons drained sweet pickle relish For the fried catfish 1 liter canola approximately as needed for deep-frying 3 cups cornmeal approximately as needed for breading 2 tablespoons Irvine Spices Cajun Blackfish spice (you may need more if you use more cornmeal for breading) Salt and freshly ground black pepper 4 pounds catfish fillets Lemon wedges for service Directions In a small bowl combine the olive oil mayonnaise scallions and relish to make a tartar sauce. Refrigerate until needed. Heat oil in deep-fryer to 350 degrees F. Combine cornmeal Blackfish Spice and salt and pepper to taste. Dredge catfish fillets in seasoned cornmeal. Deep-fry coated pieces in batches until they are cooked through about 10 minutes. (For basic reference use the manufacturer s instructions for your deep fryer for similar foods then test the fish see that it is fork tender.) Allow to drain on paper towels and serve with tartar sauce and fresh lemon wedges (to squeeze lemon juice over the fish). Blackened Catfish with Saut ed Vegetables If you like your catfish blackened here s a good way to do that. Ingredients 3 cups conventional white rice 1 4 cup canola oil divided 3 stalks celery diced 1 medium green bell pepper 1 medium yellow onion diced 1 teaspoon freshly chopped garlic Salt and fresh ground black pepper 1 4 teaspoon cayenne pepper 2 teaspoons lemon juice 2 tablespoons freshly chopped parsley leaves 5 catfish fillets about 1 1 4 pounds 2 tablespoons Cajun seasoning Prep Time 10 min Cook Time 20 min Serves 4 servings Directions In a large pot bring 5 1 4 cups of water to a boil over medium heat. Add the rice turn the heat down to low and simmer until rice has absorbed all the water and is light and fluffy about 15 to 20 minutes. Transfer the rice to a serving bowl and set aside. In a large skillet over medium-high heat add 2 tablespoons of canola oil. Add the celery green pepper onion garlic and season with salt pepper and cayenne pepper. Saut until slightly tender about 5 minutes. Add the fresh lemon juice and chopped parsley and cook for another minute. Transfer the vegetables to a serving bowl and set aside. While the vegetables are saut ing heat a cast iron skillet or griddle over high heat. Brush the catfish with the remaining canola oil and then sprinkle both sides with Cajun seasoning. Place the catfish onto into the hot pan and cook about 2 to 3 minutes on each side. Arrange the catfish on a serving platter and serve with rice and saut ed vegetables. Catfish Sandwiches with Cajun Remoulade A catfish sandwich with the best Cajun Remoulade you ve ever put in your mouth Prep Time 10 min Cook Time 6 min Remoulade 1 scallion finely chopped 1 1 4 cups mayonnaise 1 tablespoon capers finely chopped 1 teaspoon Cajun seasoning 1 2 teaspoon crushed garlic 2 1 2 teaspoons lemon juice Catfish 1 1 2 pounds catfish fillets rinsed and patted dry 1 box (8.5-ounce) corn muffin mix 2 tablespoons Cajun seasoning 1 egg 1 2 cup all-purpose flour Canola oil for frying Sandwiches 1 loaf store-bought garlic bread (bake per package directions) Butter lettuce Sliced tomatoes Sliced red onions Directions Cut catfish fillets in half set aside. In a pie dish or plate combine corn muffin mix and Cajun seasoning set aside. In a pie dish lightly beat egg with 1 tablespoon water to make egg wash set aside. Dredge each catfish fillet in the flour dip into egg wash and coat with corn muffin mixture. Set aside on a plate. In a deep-fryer or large pot heat oil over medium to medium-high heat to 375 degrees F. Fry catfish until golden brown about 6 minutes. Remove to plate lined with paper towels. Cajun Remoulade In a small bowl stir together all ingredients. Set aside. Sandwiches Spread warm garlic bread with remoulade sauce. Build sandwiches with fried catfish and remaining ingredients. Art s Smoked Catfish If you like grillin try this one. Prep Time 10 min Inactive Prep Time 1 hr Cook Time 45 min Ingredients Creamy Orange Dill Sauce 1 quart buttermilk 2 3 cup plain yogurt 2 tablespoons hot sauce 2 3 cup sour cream 4 large catfish fillets 2 tablespoons orange juice 2 teaspoons dried oregano 1 teaspoon cayenne pepper 1 teaspoons dehydrated lemon peel 1 clove garlic finely chopped 1 teaspoon kosher salt 1 tablespoon finely chopped green onion 1 2 teaspoon ground black pepper 1 tablespoon finely chopped parsley Olive oil 1 tablespoon finely chopped dill Special equipment Apple wood chips Dash hot sauce soaked in water for 1 hour. Salt and freshly ground black pepper Add all the ingredients to a serving bowl and serve with the smoked catfish. Directions Combine the buttermilk and hot sauce in a 13 by 9-inch casserole dish. Add catfish fillets and cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate for 1 hour. After 1 hour remove the catfish from the refrigerator and pat dry with paper towels. Set up your grill for indirect heat at a medium-low temperature about 275 degrees F. Mix together the oregano lemon peel and salt pepper in a small bowl. Lightly coat the fish with olive oil and sprinkle the seasoning evenly over the catfish fillets. Put the catfish on the grill away from the hot coals. Smoke the catfish until it is fully cooked through and golden brown about 45 minutes. Remove the fish from the grill to a serving platter and serve with the Orange Dill Cream Sauce. R ST G Another Winner from Bass Pro Shops The RedHead Striker Turkey Vest EA U TP O 54 If you look around at the other turkey hunters this spring there s a good chance you ll see many of them sporting the Bass Pro Shops new RedHead Striker Turkey Vest. This vest which is only available from Bass Pro Shop has it all. One of the many winning features of the Striker Turkey Vest is how the many pockets are so well organized that hunters can quickly and easily access their favorite calls and other gear without a lot of bird-bumping movement. It features specialized pockets for a box call slates and strikers mouth calls and accessories. This convenient organization is critical when a gobble can detect movement from 50 yards away. This innovative Striker Turkey Vest is exclusive to Bass Pro Shops O A PERFECT vEST TO RUN AND GUN One of the reasons the RedHead Striker Turkey Vest has become a turkey hunter s favorite gear is because it offers so many features designed to keep hunters comfortable and effective in the field. In addition to the many various-sized pockets the vest features a magnetic fold-down seat padded with memory foam. This cushioned seat ups the comfort factor so hunters can sit still even on hard rocky ground. It is also easy to deploy for those hunters who love to run and gun. Plus the adjustable padded shoulder straps are ergonomically designed so turkey hunters can carry everything they need. The adjustable game bag in the back provides plenty of room for decoys while successful hunters can use it to tote a gobbler back to the truck. This vest is a great example of what the Bass Pro Shops RedHead brand is all about. It s a high-quality comfortable vest that meets hunters needs at a price they can afford said Jerry Martin captain of the RedHead pro hunting team. The RedHead Striker Turkey Vest s features include Box call and striker pocket Mesh mouth call pocket Double slate call pocket Accessory pockets Shell loops Magnetic flip-up seat Memory foam seat Adjustable game bag Padded back Padded shoulder straps Hydration compatible Detachable blaze orange flag Mossy Oak Obsession Realtree Xtra Green Retail price 59.99 See this product at http www.basspro.com RedHead-Striker-Turkey-Vests-for-Men product 13082106113916 To request a free catalog call 1-800-BASS PRO and for more information visit www.basspro.com click on bit.ly 1qx9no3 W W W. T H E O U T P O S T l I f E . C O M O Float Like a Butterfly New knives for outdoorsmen from bear & Son Cutlery The history of butterfly knives is colorful. At one time this knife was known as a Balisong. When closed the blade is concealed within grooves in the handles. It is sometimes called a Batangas knife after the Tagalog province of Batangas in the Philippines where it was originally made. Knife users who have come to depend on butterfly knives for their efficiency and safety will be happy to hear that Bear OPS has added eight new models to their growing family of butterflies. All have Bowie clip blades made of premium 14C28N stainless steel which provides a combination of edge sharpness edge retention and corrosion resistance. They are heat treated to an ideal Rockwell hardness of 58-60. TheAdvantagesofaButterflyKnife One of the advantages of a butterfly knife is to have a long blade that folds into a long handle. The four new Bear SongTM IV Pattern 400 models have a 3-3 8 edged satin-finish blade that folds into a 5-3 8 handle. Handles are T-6 aircraft aluminum with water-transfer coating of Blue Drop Pink Drop Carbon Fiber and the Reaper Z coating from the UndeadTM Series. The four more compact Pattern 450 models have the same features and coating choices with a 2-7 8 blade in a 4-1 4 handle. For smooth opening and closing all Bear OPS butterfly blades ride on bronze phosphorous washers. Prices range from 137.50 to 145. All of these knives are made in the USA by Bear & Son Cutlery in Jacksonville Alabama. They are backed by Bear s Lifetime Limited Warranty. For more information on these knives click on www.bearandsoncutlery.com www.bearopsknives.com If you d like to win great gear like this keep watching The Outpost Facebook page for more details. Just LIKE the page and watch for the contest. W W W. T H E O U T P O S T l I f E . C O M 55 U O TP ST G EA R R G EA ST U TP O - Features a Data Hold Function Knowing Which Way the Wind Blows With the Caldwell CrossWind Wind Meter When attempting a long distance shot just knowing the distance to the target is not enough information. Even the best range finder cannot give a hunter the wind direction and its velocity. Not knowing this can wreak havoc on shot placement. The Caldwell CrossWind Professional Wind Meter was designed to be the best wind meter on the market for ballistic application. Knowing wind speed gives the shooter the ability to more accurately judge shot placement in varying wind conditions. O The 90 rotating anemometer head allows a shooter to measure exactly how much CrossWind will be applied on the side of his bullet without ever having to move the wind meter or do angle calculations. Both compact and por table this wind meter reads Current Wind Speed Average Wind Speed Max Wind Gust Temperature and even Density Altitude Altitude or Barometric Pressure. The holster which is included protects the wind meter and makes it easy to keep handy. The Caldwell CrossWind Professional Wind Meter is the ultimate tool for indicating wind speed and calculating a reliable firing solution. Operates on one CR2032 battery (also included) - Wind Speed measurements in mph ft min km h m s or knots - Measures Max Wind Gust Average Wind Speed and Current Wind Speed - Anemometer head rotates 90 degrees to calculate the applied crosswind to the projectile - Also Measures Calculates Temperature Station Pressure Barometric Pressure Altitude Density Alt. and Wind Chill - It s water Resistant LCD backlight and automatic power off For more information about Battenfeld Technologies products visit www.BattenfeldTechnologies.com If you d like to win great gear like this keep watching The Outpost Facebook page for more details. Just LIKE the page and watch for the contest. 56 W W W. T H E O U T P O S T l I f E . C O M O U O TP ST G EA R WoundSeal Stops Bleeding Pronto How many times have you cut yourself when hunting or fishing Most likely this has occurred hundreds of times. Because you re usually in the middle of nowhere when this happens the wound gets treated with a napkin dirty rag or Band-Aid and the activity continues. Obviously this is a recipe for disaster or at least a nasty infection. For the avid outdoorsman active hiker and recreational vehicle enthusiast who pursue their sport many miles from home WoundSeal the only first aid product that stops bleeding cuts in seconds through the creation of an instant durable and waterproof scab. This stuff probably needs to be in your gear bag. It s Part of being Outdoors When in the great outdoors where knives tools fishing hooks axes and nature s sharp edges are everywhere and accidents happen that produce cuts or lacerations. When this happens many sportsmen don t seek first aid because 1) they don t want to stop what they love to do 2) they don t want to leave their post (hunting fishing) 3) traditional first aid products - gauze tape bandages - often fail to stop bleeding quickly and 4) most aids get wet or fall off from activity to expose the wound. This is why WoundSeal was developed. Why First it s been used nearly a half a million times by physicians around the country. Secondly the topical powder in WoundSeal binds with the wound s own blood to create an instant durable and waterproof seal scab. As pressure is applied to the powder the natural glue-like nature of drying blood adheres the seal to the wound and surrounding skin. We see hundreds of hunters fishermen and active sportsmen every year because they didn t care for their wound when they were away from home states Louis M. Guzzi MD a critical care physician in Orlando. Through my years of clinical experience with WoundSeal I know that the powder could have stopped the bleeding in seconds created a durable barrier and allowed the person to get back to their activity without any disruption. A Tough Product That Works Anywhere With its instantaneous waterproof scab and power to stop bleeding WoundSeal is definitely a unique survival gear. This powder which looks like dirt - works like magic when it is applied it to a bleeding wound. It is a tough product that works anytime anywhere in the rugged outdoors. Cleared by the FDA and approved for all ages WoundSeal Powder is composed of a hydrophilic or water-loving polymer and potassium ferrate. And unlike traditional first aid treatments the topical powder is guaranteed to stop bleeding in seconds. It is available nationwide at Walgreens CVS Pharmacy Rite Aid Pharmacy and other retailers. For specific locations - as well as testimonials and clinical studies visit the company s website www.woundseal.com W W W. T H E O U T P O S T l I f E . C O M 57 ARe WolVeS out oF ContRol teD lyon AuthoR oF the ReAl WolF thInkS So Put man in nature and allow him to do what he thinks is the right thing at the time and the unintended consequences that occur will make your head spin. Never has this been more true than the current controversy saga actually of the gray wolf. In the mid-90s three-dozen gray wolves which were at the time on the Endangered Species List due to their decimation by ranchers and hunters who were protecting their livestock deer and elk were captured in Canada herded into planes trucks and snowmobiles and dropped off in the wilderness of Idaho. Wildlife biologists with the best of intentions planned to see if the dwindling population of this species could be revived. The jury is in on this question. According to the Idaho Department of Fish and Game there are now more than 680 wolves now de-listed and no longer endangered roaming the state and these wolves are wreaking havoc much as they did before they were put on the endangered list the first time. Once again destruction of the area s sheep and cattle populations along with the highly prized elk population has prompted the governor s office to embark on an effort to wipe out three-quarters or more of the population. Why has this cycle repeated itself What s makes some very intelligent wildlife biologists fish & game bureaucrats and politicians think that the second time around this predator is going to play nice this time Have any of these people seen Ground Hog day Actually the answers to these facetious questions are more complicated than yes or no. In fact the saga of the wolf is also about politics big money for non-profits who need an issue to rally the troops around and how tough it is to keep nature in balance when artificial restraints such as modern agriculture and hunting regulations and the industries they represent collide with wildlife preservation. This controversy is stoked by shrill voices and just enough scientific facts to be dangerous on both sides of the issue. Into this fray jumps two men Ted B. Lyon and Will N. Graves who both live in the area and have attempted to rise above the wolf hysteria and offer some much-needed facts. The book is entitled The Real Wolf The Science Politics and Economics of Co-Existing with Wolves in Modern Times and The Outpost recently talked to Lyon about why any sane person would jump in the middle of this mess That interview is found below. THE LATEST NEWS ON THE STATUS OF WOLVES IN IDAHO The science opinions and recommendations found in this new book are supported by the turn of events in Idaho as of mid-March 2014. The Idaho Fish and Game Commission made a rule change allowing year-round wolf hunting on private property in the state s northern Clearwater Region which was quickly followed by the passage of a bill that would set aside 400 000 in funds to control gray wolf populations. Animal rights groups are calling these latest actions a move by Idaho lawmakers to eradicate wolves from the state. House Bill 470 passed on the last day of Idaho s legislative season and is expected to be signed by Governor C.L. Otter who publicly supported the bill. With the addition of the 16 hunting zones in the Clearwater region hunters can harvest wolves yearround in much of northern Idaho--as long as their hunts take place on private property. The bag limit was also changed to five wolves per calendar year. Not everyone was pleased with this action. Political leaders in Idaho would love nothing more than to eradicate Idaho s wolves and return to a century-old mindset where big predators are viewed as evil and expendable said Amaroq Weiss West Coast wolf organizer at the Center for Biological Diversity. The new state wolf board sadly reflects that attitude. The legislature couldn t even bring itself to put a single conservationist on the board so the outcome is predictable Many more wolves will die. State wildlife officials however paint a different picture of Idaho s wolf problem. According to the Wall Street Journal the Idaho Fish and Game Department estimated that the state s elk population had fallen 15 percent since wolves were reintroduced accounting for a dip in the number of elk hunting permits issued. Federal tallies also counted 2 589 sheep 610 cows and 72 dogs killed by the new predators in the state. There are roughly 680 wolves in Idaho across 118 packs. This ruling presents a tightrope for the state to walk. They want fewer wolves in order to reduce the slaughter of livestock and game but they don t want the numbers to be so low that the threat of the wolves being returned to the Endangered Species List. Mondays - 3 00pm Thursdays - Noon Sundays - 1 30 and 8 30pm We are of one mind that Idaho wants to manage our wolves and we want to manage them to a reasonable number so that the species don t get endangered again and the feds don t come in and take it over again Governor Otter said. Otter previously signed a bill that declared the reintroduction of gray wolves into Idaho a state disaster. Supporters of House Bill 470 say that it will simply allow the state to properly manage wolves and keep the predators from endangering other wildlife. To date hunters in the state have harvested about 300 wolves since 2011. TED LYON THROWS THE BOOK AT THE GRAY WOLF One of the authors of The Real Wolf is Ted Lyon a well-known very successful trial attorney from the Dallas area of Texas. In addition to representing clients in more than 150 trials he has represented constituents in the Texas Senate and Texas House of Representatives. Before becoming an attorney and elected official Lyon was in law enforcement and has been a licensed fishing and hunting guide. It is obvious from his questions of me before the interview about how the red snapper were running in the Gulf off Louisiana that Lyon is passionate about outdoor sports. It is also obvious that his political opinions tend toward the center of the spectrum neither right wing nor left. When he was in the Texas legislature he enjoyed a diverse support base and received awards from The Sierra Club Texas Farmers Union Texas Black Bass Unlimited Greater Dallas Crime Commission World Wildlife Federation and Texas Outdoor Writers Association The Outpost How did a Texas guy get involved in the wolf controversy in Idaho and Montana Ted Lyon I love nature and outdoor sports especially fishing and hunting. While I live in Texas my wife and I own a home in Montana when we go to re-charge several times a year. Many of my friends and neighbors in the Montana and Idaho have had first-hand experience with the predatory actions of the wolves in the area. As I got to know the area the wild game and the effect the wolves were having I felt like it was important to get the facts straight. That s why Will Graves and I wrote this book. What are the common misconceptions about wolves There are so many you don t have time to hear them all It s been said by various wolf-protection groups that they do no kill or attack people. This is incorrect. They do and will continue to. Some say that wolves will only kill the weak and sick. This is also untrue. In fact part of the uproar from Idaho is the result of wolves killing more than 2 500 perfectly healthy sheep and more than 600 cattle. Plus since their re-introduction wolves have decimated the elk population reducing it by 15 percent. The most dangerous myth about wolves is that they don t carry harmful diseases. They are rampant infectious disease-carriers such as tapeworms which cause Hydatid disease and this can be passed on to other wildlife livestock and even family pets and humans. You ve written that this issue is about agenda not about wolves. One of the groups with a clear agenda on this issue is a group called The Defenders of Wildlife. Are they just defending wildlife or something else WWW.THEOUTPOSTlIfE.COM Groups such as the Defenders of Wildlife raise millions of dollars every year by taking an emotional issue such as the potential for wolves becoming an endangered species and building aggressive (and very successful) fund raising around this issue. These funds may or may not go towards protecting the wolves but they do serve as a rallying cry for raising large sums of money. As we noted in the book according to Charity Navigator in fiscal year 2010 Defenders of Wildlife had an annual budget of 32 595 000 and its president received an annual salary of 295 641. Much of this revenue comes from the Save the Wolf campaign. The American Institute of Philanthropy gives the Defenders at D for the percentage of the budget spent on charitable purposes (43%) and notes the organization sends out 10-12 million pieces of direct mail each year to draw in 29 million. Sending out several tons of paper direct mail is not exactly a green approach but apparently it is effective The federal agency charged with managing the wild game in this country is the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Department. What is this agency s position on the wolf There could be no successful campaign to bring back the wolves without the full support of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife. It had jurisdiction when the wolf was an endangered species and it was responsible for the wolf recovery operations including the re-introduction of the three dozen or so wolves which were moved from Canada to Idaho. We all now know what a mistake this was and yet the service continues to deny that wolf predation is a problem. We noted in the book that an Ohio State University researcher Jeremy Bruskotter reported in Bioscience magazine in 2010 that the USFWS is essentially supporting the wolf advocates by suppressing research on the real and potentially negative consequences of wolf populations. This is contributing to the polarization of public opinion about wolves as well as misleading people about the negative consequences of expanding wolf populations. What can hunters do about this situation They have to get involved and make their voices heard in the state and federal houses of congress. This is not a Republican or a Democrat issue. There are good men and women on both sides of the partisan aisle who are working to replace the myths about wolves with the facts. It s also not a rancher vs. outdoor sportsmen issue. Out-of-control populations of wolves destroy livestock and wild game with equal efficiency. If you re somebody who loves the outdoors and want to keep elk and deer populations thriving dig into this issue and start contacting your elected representatives and tell them to insist on wildlife policies that are based on science not emotion. Of course we d like you to read what we have to say about this issue in our book but there are many places to go to find the scientific facts about wolves. Don t fall for the argument that wolves are poor misunderstood creatures. They are disease-carrying destructive predators and while there is a place for them in the wild their numbers must be controlled or the ecosystem will become unbalanced...again. Apparently many people outdoor sportsmen conservationists animal rights activists farmers and ranchers are interested in Lyon s new book. When we spoke with him more than 2 000 copies had been sold (a large number for this type of subject matter) in the first week and those numbers are no doubt higher now. If you would like to purchase a copy of The Real Wolf The Science Politics and Economics of Co-Existing with Wolves in Modern Times check your local bookstore or order from Amazon by clicking here http www.amazon.com The-Real-Wolf-Economics-Co-Existing dp 159152122X WWW.THEOUTPOSTlIfE.COM THE OUTPOST HUMOR - RUMORS FiCTiON & OUTRiGHT LiES DEA vs. THE FARMER A DEA officer stopped at an old farm. I need to inspect your farm for illegal growing drugs. The Farmer said Okay but don t go in that field over there..... The DEA officer verbally exploded saying Mister I have the authority of the Federal Government with me Reaching into his rear pants pocket the arrogant officer removed his badge and shoved it in his face. See this badge This badge means I am allowed to go wherever I wish.... On any land ... No questions asked or answers given Have I made myself clear .... do you understand The Farmer nodded politely apologized and went about my chores. A short time later the farmer heard loud screams looked up and saw the DEA officer running for his life being chased by my big old mean bull...... With every step the bull was gaining ground on the officer and it seemed likely that he d sure enough get gored before he reached safety. The officer was clearly terrified. The farmer threw down his tools ran to the fence and yelled at the top of his lungs..... Your badge show him your BADGE Forward to a Friend A bird in the hand... is worth two in the bush. If you know someone who enjoys getting their hands dirty while pursuing bobwhite quail whitetail deer wild turkeys largemouth bass feral hogs and every other species of wild game why not FORWARD this issue of The Outpost to them It s easy. They ll enjoy reading it. And they might even give you a hand. www.theoutpostmagazine.com WIlD SAlMON IS THREATENED BY fARMED SAlMON There was a TV commercial for Chiffon margarine airing in the early 60s which ended with the famous tagline It s not nice to fool Mother Nature While the intent of this spot was to show how the margarine was just as a tasty as butter that tagline can also apply to farmed salmon. The farmers who raise salmon in captivity are not really trying to fool Mother Nature they are trying to mass produce a living organism and this seems to be having unintended consequences with wild salmon. The genetic makeup of wild salmon which allows them to survive in the wild is being compromised by their cousins who live down on the farm. According to British newspaper The Guardian new research from the UK s University of East Anglia has shown that farmed salmon or salmon bred in captivity for human consumption can damage wild populations by passing on negative genes. Researchers say that while escaped captive salmon have less chances of reproducing their eggs and sperm are just as potent as their wild counterparts. THE SITUATION Around 95% of all salmon in existence are farmed and domestication has made them very different to wild populations each of which is locally adapted to its own river system said lead researcher Matt Gage a professor at East Anglia. He explained that farmed salmon grow faster and larger but lack the cunning of their wild cousins when it comes to dealing with predators. Since these traits are hereditary breeding between farmed and wild salmon could be detrimental to the stability of natural salmon populations. The consequences can be drastic and varied. Anglers and conservationists are worried they could disrupt locally-adapted traits like timing of return adult body size and disease resistance Gage said. THE SOLUTION One possible solution is sterilizing the captive salmon but fish farmers reject the proposal as being too expensive. Salmon farmers also claim that the odds of a fish escaping are very low despite previous studies finding extensive populations of previouslycaptive salmon in the wild. The fish farming industry maintains that escaped salmon are of little concern. The survival rate of farmed salmon in the wild is virtually zero said Scott Landsburgh head of the Scottish Salmon Producers Organization. There is no evidence that escaped fish have created any actual problems whatsoever for wild salmon. In the case of other farm-raised and in-the-wild species of fish such as rainbow trout sterilization is used by the farmers to ensure the genetic viability is maintained. CAN T GET ENOUGH Of THE OUTPOST ClICk HERE TO GO TO THEOUTPOSTlIfE.COM THE OUTPOST GUN SUPPRESSORS OHIO HUNTERS ClOSE TO GETTING SUPPRESSORS A bill that would allow Ohio hunters to use suppressors in taking game is now headed to the state House after passing a legislative committee in mid-March. If passed this new bill will allow hunters to use suppressors in taking small and big game. According to The Columbus Dispatch only about one percent of the state s hunters possess a suppressor also known as silencers. However if the bill passes that number will no doubt rise dramatically. Industry insiders have said that Ohio is the fourth largest market for suppressor sales in the nation. Supporters of the bill say that suppressors will protect hunters hearing and make it easier to talk while in the field. Researchers from Ohio State University say that on average a suppressor decreases the volume of a gunshot by at least 15 percent. While it may seem only a small drop it can be significant in preventing hearing damage. Not all sportsmen are supporting the bill however. The League of Ohio Sportsmen s Executive Director Larry Mitchell Jr. told The Dispatch that the measure was a bad bill with good intentions. Mitchell explained that the bill starts a dangerous precedent for lawmakers to make decisions for the state Department of Natural Resources. Others oppose the bill because they believe suppressors make it easier for poachers to shoot game. Currently 29 states allow hunting with a suppressor. WWW.GUNDOGBROKER.COM THE OUTPOST STORiNG HUNTiNG GEAR Storing gear and Hunting apparel in tHe off-SeaSon A superior sense of smell is a powerful defense mechanism for deer and other wild game. During the hunting season serious and even novice hunters realize how important it is to eliminate human scents on hunting attire. This is because a whitetail buck can smell laundry detergent or your favorite aftershave from 100 yards away While most hunters are conscious of the need to mask the scents of civilization during the season many forget that during the off-season these hunting clothes and other gear should be stored in a manner that keeps them free of the smells that will repel wild game. What can a hunter do to keep his her gear scent free during the offseason JUST ADD SOME DIRT AND LEAvES Some old-school hunters favor a more rustic approach. These hunters contend that only way to keep hunting gear such as clothing free from the taint of civilization is to store them in containers that contain dirt rotting leaves and tree bark from the area where the next year s hunting is to take place. While this hardcore mountain man approach appeals to many serious hunters there are other ways to keep human scents from invading your camo attire and scaring off the wildlife. If you happen to hunt in areas where there are cedar trees a great place to store the gear in the off-season is a good old fashion cedar chest. While this is not as oldschool as putting the clothing and boots in a container with dirt and leaves they will smell better when you take them out in the fall. WWW.THEOUTPOSTlIfE.COM A HIGH TECH WAy TO STORE GEAR One way to win in the olfactory challenge is to store hunting gear in air-tight containers that are lined with scent wafers. These are available at any gun store and most sporting goods stores. Before encapsulating your hunting clothes boots caps and gloves in the Rubbermaid all of the garments should be thoroughly washed with special scent-eliminator detergent. The down-side of this method of storage is that it requires a lot of room especially if you re like most hunters who have 3 or 4 of every type of shirt pants gloves socks and caps known to man. Another strategy for storing hunting gear in the offseason is to use the popular scent control spray Scent Killer . Many hunters will keep their gear in a box in the garage or attic until they are ready to be used. Then they will wash the garments in Scent Killer and dry outside on a clothes line. It is also important to spray this product on the clothes before storing and during the season each time they are washed. Most hunters will also spray the soles and tops of their boots with Scent Killer before each hunt. THE SMELLS TELL When a hunter drops into the natural habitat of any wild game he is at a distinct disadvantage. Improving the odds of harvesting a deer or other game animal begins with eliminating the scents of civilization. Being scentfree will not help improve the hunter s aim or visual camouflage but it will improve the likelihood of success. Being scent-free in the field begins with proper off-season storage of hunting gear. The science behind this scent-elimination is being studied by medical researchers. For the latest study on detecting diabetes read one. RESEARCHERS lEARN ABOUT DIABETES DETECTION fROM DEER Deer hunters know how important it is to eliminate or at least drastically reduce their human scents when on a hunt. Every species of deer have an uncanny ability to sniff out even the most subtle human scent and this natural advantage may prove to help people who suffer diabetes. According to the American Chemistry Society researchers at the Mississippi State University are using data from a huntingrelated study to create a device that can sniff out changes in blood sugar levels. The hunting community the deer hunters in this case are always looking for ways to beat the deer so to speak in terms of scent control said Bronson Strickland a researcher at Mississippi State University. A deer s sense of smell like a dog s can be anywhere from 500 to 1 000 times more acute than a human s. SCENT-bLOCkING RESEARCH Strickland s research funded in part by the National Science Foundation sought to ascertain which specific scents spook deer. Humans carry unique scents based on the food they eat the clothes they wear and even where they live and wildlife biologists have proven that deer can detect this. Because of this intense olfactory ability of deer companies which target the outdoor market have developed sprays and detergents which help to bloc these scents. While working on isolating how scent-killing sprays worked Strickland found that his research brought him in contact with two of his colleagues graduate student Shamitha Dissanayake and lab director Todd Mlsna. Dissanayake and Mlsna are studying how to analyze scents called volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that are emitted from the human body. THE TIE TO DIAbETES What do these compounds have to do with diagnosing diabetes VOCs are important because they can signal changes in blood sugar level for people with type 1 diabetes. Currently specially-trained dogs can detect these changes which lead to diabetes by scent. These canines have proven to be very effective in sniffing out the onset of diabetes. However training canines for this role can be expensive and time-consuming. In addition only a few places exist where dogs can get this form of training. Therefore researchers are looking for a new way to smell VOCs. Dissanayake and Mlsna were surprised at the correlations between their research and Strickland s. Since the two studies use similar methods and instruments data from one is useful for the other. Mlsna says that with the shared data between the two projects he hopes to create a portable electronic device that can do the job of the trained dogs. It s exciting to work in this field Mlsna noted in the press release. We now have the combination of the analytical power and the computing power to really make sense of all these complicated data. Now if they could just invent gizmo to zap the scent off a deer hunter s clothing and body while he s sitting in the tree stand hunters would be excited too This Buried Treasure is Cold Hard Cash The latest Johnny Cash CD Out Among the Stars - is a kind of time capsule. Instead of being buried underneath the ground this one was buried on the shelves of Columbia Records. Like buried treasure this collection of songs is priceless because of the man who gave them life. http www.youtube.com watch v E8Rqe63ZZuo This lost album was recorded between 1981 and 1984 and then sat on his former label s shelves since then. After 30 years it has finally been released via Sony Legacy and despite its long road to an official release it holds up among Cash s best work. According to Cash s son John Carter Cash Columbia Records had lost interest in Johnny Cash at the time and they didn t know what to do with him. The younger Cash was 14 during the album s initial recording with guests like Waylon Jennings and his mother June Carter Cash. And when I listened to these tracks it showed the lack of sincere interest that was there some of these tracks didn t have guitar solos. FILLING IN THE HOLES After he got access to the master tapes John Cash went out and found some A list Nashville musicians some of whom were involved in the original sessions for the record to give the partially finished work some life. He asked original guitar-mandolin player Marty Stewart as well as Buddy Miller to lay down additional baritone guitar and Barry Douglas on steel and dobro to flesh out the original recordings with the instrumentation necessary to fill in the holes. Recording industry Bible Billboard Magazine notes The result is an authentically live vintage-sounding classic country album one that didn t fit in with the pop-crossover sound Nashville was experiencing at the time but still finds Cash at his most refreshed. He d just completed another stint at the Betty Ford Center after relapsing from drug addiction in 1983 and Carter Cash recalls his father at being in his real spiritual mental physical prime he was singing better than he had in years and as good as he ever did really. THE TUNES SOUND NEW In many ways it s amazing how a major label such as Columbia would allow the 12 tracks of Out Among the Stars to sit on the shelf for so long. This short-sightedness might be a symptom of the reasons the recording industry is hopelessly buried in the dust. They didn t know what to do with this work so they lit up another one tossed it in the never to be released pile and went out for happy hour. Young John Carter Cash knew what to do with it. I just always remember everything that Dad ever did he gave his full heart to he says. We always try to stay true to that in the estate doing things as he would have done and basically act as if he is in the room. This is something I know my father would have worked on tirelessly. So do you like rockabilly gospel western ballads or hard-core country They re all here on this new old Johnny Cash collection. The duet between Johnny and the love of his life June Baby Ride Easy - reminds the listener of the best-seller they had twenty years before entitled Jackson. A. P. Carter and the rest of his seminal family would have approved of the other duet between the husband and wife. Don t You Think It s Come Our Time. Johnny and June sound great together and they always did. When asked about the title cut of this collection John Cash noted Originally this body of work was completely untitled. After the fact we looked at it to figure out what song would make a great statement. Out Among the Stars was a song about sadness and tragedy in a person s life who is walking away from facing of a bitter end. I think it takes the listener to another place like perhaps my dad s music spirit lies outs among the stars. Another interesting cut on this album is a duet between Cash another one of the legendary outlaws of Nashville Waylon Jennings. It s a killer version of the old Hank Snow hit Movin On. Sam Phillips and the other ghosts of Sun Studio and rockabilly are somewhere smiling when they hear this one. It s easy to get maudlin about a posthumously released collection like this one from Johnny Cash because we remember the last years of his life and how fragile he had become. However these songs remind us of the vibrant energy this force of nature really was. He was human with human failings but no other artist has touched the world of music quite like Johnny Cash. He is the only person to be inducted into the Country Music Hall Of Fame The Rock And Roll Hall Of Fame AND The Songwriter s Hall Of Fame. His name is synonymous with the fight for the rights of the poor and downtrodden and the image of The Man In Black is as deeply American as the stars and stripes themselves. RADIO FOR THE GREAT OUTDOORS WWW.THEOUTPOSTLIFE.COM 66 RADIO FOR THE GREAT OUTDOORS The Outpost Radio is the first radio station dedicated to hunting fishing and the great outdoors. You can hear us on your smartphone desktop or tablet...just about anywhere. The Outpost Radio is a mix of great music and information that celebrates the outdoors Give us a listen. Click on The Outpost logo below to listen now http www.youtube.com watch v kBsOM1RR4jo Drive-By Truckers Make it an Even Dozen Albums ENGLISH OCEANS IS ONE OF THE bEST yET Fans of Drive-By Truckers appreciate the vocal and musical rough edges and the entertaining if off-kilter stories found in the group s music. This bunch is anything but formulaic unless your formulas tend toward the theory of chaos. In the words of band member Mike Cooley in their new collection of songs - English Oceans - the DBT go from chainsaw rock and roll to pretty sounding stuff. The liner notes from the 12th release by Athens Georgia s Drive-By Truckers calls this work an elegantly balanced and deeply engaged new effort that finds the group refreshed and firing on all cylinders. That pretty much sums it up. COOLEy AND HOOD WRITE OFF INTO THE SUNSET All but one of the collection s 13 new songs written by singer-guitarists and co-founding members Patterson Hood and Mike Cooley and they were recorded during 13 days of sessions in August 2013 with longtime producer David Barbe. Cooley whose writing muse seemed to have left him before this project wrote six of the songs. I had time to write Cooley says. After we came off the road last time we decided we were going to let it rest for a while. So I had time to really focus. I kind of had to re-learn how to write because I didn t write as many songs as I d wanted on the last couple of records. I was happy with these songs and thrilled to go in and record so many that I felt real strongly about. For more great music listen to The Outpost Radio at www.TheOutpostlife.com PHOTO CREDIT David McClister L to R Brad Morgan Patterson Hood Matt Patton Mike Cooley Jay Gonzalez In a backgrounder on the project Hood notes I don t think we ve ever had a record where Cooley was as deeply involved in every aspect of the making of it as he was this time. With Cooley s writing there s almost no precedent for it in our catalog. He came in with this stunning bunch of songs full of this beautiful imagery. LISTENING TO THE SONGS The album is full of great kicking rockers like the opening track S Shot Counts When He is Gone and Hearing Jimmy Loud . These tunes will fit perfect with the band s high-energy live performances. The title track Made up English Oceans has a backbeat like rawhide and lyrics which attack conservative political values. The same singers vocal snarl is well employed on Hood s Till he s dead or rising. Hood matches this on the swagger of Natural Light a slow blues song which witnesses some of his best singing in years while the shuffling alt country of First Day of Autumn is perfect. Cooley and Hood s brace of character-based songs depict a neatly interlocking gallery of relationships often in dissolution and discord. The last song written and recorded for the album Hood s rave-up Pauline Hawkins was based on a new novel by Willy Vlautin and penned after another of his compositions was scrapped. Hood says The Part of Him was inspired by the procession of scandals that plague the political world year after year. There s someone new playing that role every few months he says. As soon as we get rid of one of them someone comes up and starts playing that part again. Reflecting the renewed high level of collaboration between the band s two principals English Oceans marks an unprecedented event the recording of a Hood song Til He s Dead or Rises with Cooley assuming the lead vocal. Grand Canyon the final song on the album is an emotionally overwhelming elegy for Craig Lieske a longtime member of DBT s touring family. The former manager of Athens 40 Watt Club and a key player in the city s experimental music scene Lieske died suddenly of a heart attack in January 2013 following the first night of the band s three-night homecoming stand in Athens. English Oceans is dedicated to him. PHOTO CREDIT David McClister THE NEW DbT bAND The album was recorded with a retooled lineup. Jay Gonzalez who joined the band in 2008 as keyboardist stepped into an expanded role by adding guitar to his duties while bassist Matt Patton was drafted from the Tuscaloosa group The Dexateens. The unit was roadtested during dates in 2013. Hood notes We recorded with a stripped-down lineup that gave things a more primal and immediate feel. It s a more turn-on-a-dime kind of thing which suits these songs and us as a band. It s a very tasteful group and when it needs to be it can be a very big powerful over-the-top band too and it can go from one to the other seamlessly. I think this just might be the best record we ve ever made summed up Cooley. Since the band has been together for more than three decades that s quite a statement. Hood concurs enthusiastically It s my favorite thing that we ve ever done. I m proud of our catalog we always try to make as good a record as we can make. Sometimes things just work. This time we made kind of a magical record. I ve always felt that Decoration Day was our best record and this is the first one that I think is a better record than that was. Every piece of the puzzle fit. THE NEW OUTPOST RADIO IS LAUNCHED Radio for the Great Outdoors The Outpost Radio. At any given time on this unique station you can hear Stevie Ray Vaughan followed by Blackberry Smoke followed by George Jones. While all of this is going on you can be given a chance to listen to podcasts that feature tips on hunting whitetail deer or catching crappie in the Atchafalaya Basin or learning why blue quail would rather run than fly. In the words of more than one recently converted Outpost Radio fanatic I ve never heard anything like this station. Exactly. This combination of music and outdoor sports information presented 24 7 available wherever you are worldwide on your mobile device has never been offered. Until now. If you can do without the little girl pop stars and auto-tuned crap that passes for country and rock and roll these days you might want to try The Outpost Radio. If you want to know the weather wherever you re sitting in a duck blind it s here. If you re on the way to hunt pheasant or fish for walleye and you d like to know if anybody s seeing any this might be your new favorite radio station. The stories in The Outpost Magazine are about the simple joys of living an authentic life. This includes outdoor sports such as fishing hunting camping hiking and biking. It involves good food and strong drink and it also includes music from every genre that sportsmen and sportswomen enjoy. Unfortunately most of the music you hear on traditional (terrestrial) radio is so sanitized analyzed and peroxized that the tunes and words are cotton candy for the brain. Plus most of the outdoor sports radio programs come on the stations between 3 and 4 am. That s a little too early for most of us. It s is for this reason that we joined some friends who are experts in the radio business and launched The Outpost Radio. We re calling it Radio for the great outdoors and that s more than just a catchy phrase. A typical radio station would never play the diversity of songs you ll hear on ISSUE IX SHOOTING THE MOON MOUNTAIN BIKING OUTPOST FICTION OUTPOST FICTION C QUAIL HUNTING PATTERNING A SHOTGUN GETTING INTO SHAPE FOR OUTDOORS SPORTS CASHING IN ON WINTER VARMENTS CHEF KEVIN GILLESPIE PLUS FLOUNDER RECIPES TOP 12 CD S OF 2012 & MORE... HAVE YOU MISSED ANY ISSUES They re all waiting for you at our website WWW.THEOUTPOSTLIFE.COM GO AHEAD. TAKE THE SAFETY OFF AND SqUEEZE THE TRIGGER. THE OUTPOST RESCUE dOG MAN S BEST fRIEND ON A RESCUE MISSION If there are no dogs in Heaven then when I die I want to go where they went. Will Rogers Otis Orth a 52-year-old Trapper Creek resident was riding his snowmobile near Alaska s Jake Lake during a trip where he was transporting supplies to his home. On the ride he was thrown from his snowmobile sustaining injuries bad enough that he was unable to move for a day and a half. Orth s only companion was his 15-month-old golden retriever Amber. After the accident the dog ran to the main trail and alerted two other snowmobilers that something was wrong. The Alaska Dispatch noted that Tom Taylor and his brother followed the dog eventually discovering Orth. The Alaska State Troopers said the two helped keep Orth warm until he was able to be airlifted to Providence Alaska Medical Center in Anchorage. Orth recalled the incident and said there was a dip in the trail he wasn t able to see. When he hit it he and Amber were sent flying. I tried to take a shortcut and ran into a hollow snow drift and that kind of kicked the back end of the snowmobile forward he said. I went over the handlebars and slid for about 30 or 40 feet on my face and back. It was kind of happening in slow motion and I was thinking This has got to stop pretty soon. He continued the tale When it did stop Amber came running over to me. I couldn t move but I could talk to her and she was licking my face. During the night Orth and Amber spent in the woods he said she kept her head on his chest the entire time providing heat. She never left me for more than 20 yards that whole time she just kept coming back Orth said. Orth sustained spinal injuries and he had surgery to fuse three vertebrae over the next few days. He is still waiting to hear about whether or not he will have to have several toes on his left foot amputated because of frostbite. While he s in the hospital Amber is being cared for by a family friend. You can bet she ll be on the top of his list of friends to thank. PHOTO OF THE MONTH HAVE YOU MISSED ANY ISSUES OF THE OUTPOST MAGAZINE THEY ARE ALL RIGHT HERE COME ON IN Horseshoe Hill Outfitters offers world class hunts in locations across the United States and in Canada. We take pride in our ability to put hunters on trophy class animals in all of our locations. SASkATCHEWAN TROPHY WHITETAIl & BlACk BEAR HUNTS We hunt in the Northwest Forest Region where Trophy Whitetail hunters have been traveling to for decades to harvest B.C. bucks that score 160 -200 and weigh 300lbs and Black Bears that stand 7 and average 400 pounds in the Fall Our camp is 3.5 hours North of Saskatoon Airport where our hunters fly into. Our Trophy Whitetail and Black Bear area consists of over 110 Square miles of prime habitat to let bucks and bruins mature and get old . We have a 150 minimum on Whitetail to help ensure that we do not shoot those 130 -140 two and three year old bucks that will grow up to be Northern Monsters someday. We offer 1 week of bow muzzleloader (velvet hunts) in early September and 1 week the end of October. Rifle season runs during the month of November during the rut. They are conducted out of heated blinds deep in the forest with transportation being snowmobiles or UTV to the stand locations. All of our hunts are 5 full days with guide meals and lodging included. Hunters can expect to see lots of deer and several mature bucks per day hunting over baited areas. The license is over the counter and will be bought when you arrive (375). Trophy prep and taxidermy available on site. If your ready to put that monster on the wall and experience a hunt of a lifetime please call asap for availability. Groups of up to 8 welcome. Our Fall Black Bear season is from August 25 -Sept. 15th. The hunts are over established baits and hunters can expect to see multiple bears per day. Color phase bears are abundant in our area as well. You will have a 90% opportunity at harvesting a mature bear and a distinct possibility at a book bear SASkATCHEWAN HUNT SPECIAlS TrophyWhitetail(Rifle Muzzleloader Bow)Only 4000-Save1000offregularprice. BlackBear(Rifle Muzzleloader Bow)Only 3000-Save500offregularprice. Please call Bob with any questions 724-290-9338. WWW.GeoRGIAAllIGAtoRhuntInG.CoM (229) 251-9929 The back woods Do you have a funny hunting or fishing picture Do you have a joke that everyone should hear Email them to art theoutpostmagazine.com